The working principle of high accuracy metal detection machine

2020-08-15 10:20:27

As a metal detection machine (also called metal detector)used for detection of food raw materials, additives, food, pill, candy, aquatic products, dried vegetables, frozen food, shoes, toys, plastics, metal foreign bodies, chemical and other industries.Shanghai Shigan Industrail Co,.Ltd metal detection machine is the core component of the structure of products in the shape of the upper machine testing header, detection in the first three coil inside, typically use a casting molding, to ensure that the coil and the overall, reliable and is not affected by the interference of external factors, such as mechanical vibration, etc.), good stability, has high precision, stable performance, strong anti-interference ability, etc.


The metal detector is usually composed of two parts, namely the detection coil and the automatic elimination device, of which the detection coil is the core part.When the coil is energized, a magnetic field will be generated, and metal will enter the magnetic field, which will cause the magnetic field to change. Therefore, metal impurities can be judged.

First, we need to understand a few concepts, namely, what is vortex current?How is a magnetic field created?When a metal object is in a changing magnetic field or moving in a magnetic field, an induced current will be generated in the metal. This current forms a loop inside the metal in a vortex form, which is called eddy current.According to the principle of electromagnetic field, the generation of magnetic field is relatively simple. The electric field changing with time can generate magnetic field, while the magnetic field changing with time can generate electric field. The two are interrelated and indispensable.


Now that we know how eddy currents and magnetic fields are generated, let's talk about the coils of a metal detector.Contains three coil detection head, three into a symmetric relationship, in the middle of the coil (launch) through the high frequency oscillator to launch high frequency electromagnetic field, on both sides of the (receive coil) used to receive the electromagnetic wave signals, when the outside world without metal objects close to the electromagnetic field, because of the way through reverse polarity connection on both sides of the coil, no induction voltage output.At this point if there is a metal impurity entering the magnetic field influence area, two receiving coil can appear signal cannot be offset, output induction difference is not zero, the induced voltage flows through filtering, demodulation circuit, system real-time acquisition the numerical value and to the high speed DSP calculation analysis, concluded that detect the presence of metal, controlled by the controller to realize the alarm, and automatically remove metal material.

All metal foreign body detection model of the working principle of the coil, but for the aluminium film packaging testing machine, metal coil structure, winding and your work style is different, the upper and the lower side of the aluminium film packaging testing machine part is composed of many a coil, according to the size of the probe head, ranging from a dozen to a few dozen, and each coil is composed of many uniform copper wire winding on a coil skeleton, and installed on each coil skeleton powerful magnet, when the outside world has a ferromagnetic metal near the detection head, can appear cutting lines, by the electromagnetic field theory, we know that cutting the magnetic field will be induced in the coil winding current,The strength of the current reflects the size of the metal. The current signal flows through the current detector on the circuit board of the metal detection machine system, and the change of the current is detected and compared with the memory value. Once the value exceeds the current value, it will be judged as metal impurities, so as to complete the detection of metal substances.

If you still have question or want to know more information,please contact us!

Related Products

Metal detector for production line                                                       High sensitivity metal detector

Digital check weighing machine with metal detector                          Customized metal detector

Online pipeline line check weigher                                                       200g intelligent weight sorting weigher

Chat with us